The state of Arkansas borders the Mississippi River in the south of the country. There are several parks and wilderness areas in the area, including mountains, caves, rivers, and hot springs.
Arizona is in the Southwest and sometimes in the Mountains of the Western United States. In terms of its size and population, it ranks 6th among the 50 states. Phoenix is its capital and largest city. Besides Utah to the north, Colorado to the northeast, and New Mexico to the east, Arizona's neighboring states are Nevada to the northwest, California to the west, as well as Sonora and Baja California in Mexico.
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Arizona was inhabited at least 20,000 years before written history began. A drought probably caused this civilization to disappear in the 1200s. Native American tribes such as the Hopi, Zuni, Navajo, and Apache moved onto the land much later, and 22 tribes still occupy reservations in the state.
In the 1530s, Spanish explorers first encountered Arizona, but until the 1840s it was a part of Mexico, along with California, Utah, Nevada, and New Mexico. After winning the Mexican-American War in 1848, the United States gained control of the land. After becoming a U.S. territory in 1863, Arizona joined the Union as the 48th state in 1912.
Why Does It Have That Name?
Geographic Features and Landforms
The Natural World
In Arizona, mountain lions, desert bighorn sheep, and black bears are common. Cotimundi (a raccoon relative with a tail that looks like a lemur's), javelina (like a pig) and jaguarundi (a small wild cat) are also on the prowl. Raptors, California condors, and falcons soar through the skies, while reptiles such as Gila monsters and box turtles, desert tortoises, and rattlesnakes stroll through the deserts. Lakes and ponds are home to amphibians such as the endangered Sonoran tiger salamander.
There are evergreen trees such as pion pines and junipers in the mountains, and deserts are dotted with mesquite trees, flowering cacti, and bushes like sagebrush and creosote bushes.
The state produces the most copper in the United States, but it also produces silver and gold. Copper from the state helped build Arizona's railroads in the early 1900s. Arizona and New Mexico have some of the largest stands of ponderosas, which provide lumber and paper.