The state of Arkansas borders the Mississippi River in the south of the country. There are several parks and wilderness areas in the area, including mountains, caves, rivers, and hot springs.
The western U.S. state of California stretches almost 900 miles from the Mexican border to the Pacific Ocean. The region has cliff-lined beaches, redwood forests, the Sierra Nevada Mountains, Central Valley farmlands, and the Mojave Desert. Hollywood is the entertainment capital of the world. The Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz Island, and cable cars are some of the most iconic sights of hilly San Francisco.
|QUICK FACTS ABOUT CALIFORNIA|
In what is now California, the first people arrived more than 20,000 years ago. Through the Bering Strait, a body of water between Russia and the United States, they crossed a strip of land from Asia. This land was inhabited by hundreds of Native American tribes for thousands of years.
Spaniards were the first Europeans to reach the region in the 16th century. Mexico gained control of California when it gained independence from Spain in 1821. California became a U.S. territory at the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848. Over 100,000 people, nicknamed "forty-niners," rushed to California in 1849 to find their fortunes after gold was struck at Sutter's Mill in Coloma in 1848. 1850 was the year California became a state.
Why Does It Have That Name?
Geographic Features and Landforms
The Natural World
Don't forget to keep a lookout for wild pigs, mountain lions, bighorn sheep, deer, and elk. You may also catch a glimpse of a bald eagle, a California condor, or a California quail, the state bird. Blue whales, California sea lions, and green turtles swim close to the coast. California sea lions, leatherback sea turtles, and sea otters are also found there.
California is home to more than 6,500 types of plants. Joshua trees, which grow only in the Mojave Desert, fragrant magnolia trees, thorny coral trees, purple-flowered jacaranda trees, and lots of cacti can be seen here.
California is likely to have grown the fruit you're eating. California is the top U.S. producer of lemons, apricots, avocados, dates, figs, grapes, nectarines, peaches, raspberries, strawberries, and other fruits. In addition to fruit, California also produces almonds, pistachios, and walnuts, leading the nation in production. Even more than 90 percent of the broccoli grown in the United States comes from there.
Timber, cement, natural gas, and petroleum are also produced in the state.