Located in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota, United States… Mount Rushmore is a national memorial park that attracts millions of people from all over the world. There is no greater honor, respect and achievement than having your face on Mount Rushmore. You would have to be legendary in a very big way in order for your face to be carved on this sculpture.
1. The sculpture features the following Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. So far the United States has had 45 presidents and counting and yet not a single one has been added to the mountain.
Why are these 4 men on the mountain?
- George Washington: El Primero. The first president of the United States.
- Thomas Jefferson: He expanded the young nation a lot, purchased Louisiana.
- Theodore Roosevelt: lead the nation during the country’s industrial development.
- Abraham Lincoln: he was the president during a very difficult time – the U.S Civil War. He preserved the nation and brought everyone together.
2. Local historian Doane Robinson came up with the idea to boast tourism in the area. The area was struggling economically after the gold rush.
3. The mountain was named after New York lawyer Charles Rushmore. Charles was in the area on a hunting trip and jokingly named the mountain after himself when his guides would not give him the mountain’s official name. Prior to Rushmore, the mountain was called many things by different groups such as: Cougar Mountain, The Six Grandfathers, Slaughterhouse, and many others.
4. Rushmore was its biggest donor prior to construction with a contribution of $5000.
5. The name became official in 1930 when it was recognized by the US Government.
6. The material used for the project; Granite rock face.
7. How tall are the president’s faces? They are 60 feet (FT) high.
8. Behind Abraham Lincoln’s head, there is a secret door.
9. Work started in the year 1927 and finished on 1941.
10. Total cost? Exactly $989,992.32 US dollars.
11. The work was started by the talented artist Gutzon Borglum who died before the project was complete. The work was completed by his son Lincoln Borglum.
12. Even though it was a very complex project and dangerous with over 400 workers, no one died during construction.