The state of Louisiana is located in the southeast of the United States along the Gulf of Mexico. Louisiana's Creole and Cajun cultures reflect its history as a melting pot of French, African, American, and French-Canadian cultures.
The state of Indiana is located in the Midwestern United States. By area, it ranks 38th out of 50 United States, and it has the 17th largest population. By far, Indianapolis is the state's largest city. November 11, 1816 was the date on which Indiana became the United States' 19th state. It is bordered on the northwest by Lake Michigan, the north by Michigan, on the east by Ohio, on the south and southeast by Ohio River and Kentucky, and on the west by Wabash River and Illinois.
|QUICK FACTS ABOUT INDIANA|
The area now known as Indiana was inhabited at least 10,000 years ago. Indiana was home to one of the most important archaeological sites in the United States about 2,000 years ago, when a mysterious culture called the Hopewell Tradition filled earthen mounds with tens of thousands of artifacts. Many Native American tribes lived on the land thousands of years later, including the Illini, Miami, and Shawnee. There are still Miami, Shawnee, and Potawatomi tribes in this area.
In 1614, French explorer Samuel de Chaplain visited the area, one of the earliest Europeans to see the area. French control extended into the late 1600s. During the French and Indian War, which lasted from 1754-1763, the French and English fought for control of the region. English forces prevailed and gained control of the region. Indiana Territory was later named after these lands.
The United States acquired Indiana from Britain at the end of the American Revolution, in 1783, and it became the 19th state in 1816. State soldiers fought for the Union during the Civil War (1861-1865).
Why Does It Have That Name?
Geographic Features and Landforms
The Natural World
Indiana's most common mammals include Allegheny woodrats, bobcats, muskrats, and meadow jumping mice. Among the birds flying overhead are bald eagles, hairy woodpeckers, and eastern bluebirds. A few of Indiana's reptiles are ornate box turtles, colorful ringneck snakes, and little brown skinks. Amphibians found in the state include cave salamanders, American bullfrogs, and plains leopard frogs.
Among Indiana's most widespread trees are the sycamore, eastern red cedar, white oak, and tulip poplar (the state tree). There are also violet-colored tall bellflowers, purple-flowering raspberries, scarlet royal catchflies, and blue mist flowers that grow here.
State's richest natural resources include oil, gas, and coal. In addition, Indiana produces limestone, sand, and gravel.