New Hampshire Facts



New Hampshire is a state located in the United States of America. Its quaint towns and large expanses of wilderness help define the state as one of the nations most peaceful destinations to live and raise a family. The White Mountain National Forest is known for its winter sports areas and Mount Washington, the region's highest peak, whose summit can be reached by cog railway. Moose, black bears, and the Appalachian Trail are also found in the White Mountains. The state of New Hampshire is fifth smallest by area and tenth least populous in the nation.

  • Capital City: Concord
  • Largest City: Manchester
  • Nickname: The Granite State
  • Statehood: 1788; 9th state
  • Population (as of 2020): 1,377,529
  • Abbreviation: NH
  • State bird: purple finch
  • State flower: purple lilac
  • Total Size Of The State: 9,349 sq mi (24,214 km2)

  • Maryland

    Historical Background

    Approximately 12,000 years ago, people lived in the area that is now New Hampshire. The land was occupied by Native American tribes such as the Abenaki and the Pennacook thousands of years later.

    The first European settlement in the Americas was established in 1623 by the English, who arrived in the 1500s. At first, the Native American tribes tried to stay out of the French and English wars in the late 1600s and early 1700s. After they sided with France, the Native Americans were forced out of the region as the British won more battles.

    New Hampshire was the first colony in the American Revolution to enact a constitution and declare its independence from Great Britain. It became the ninth state in 1788.

    Why Does It Have That Name?

  • New Hampshire was named by Englishman John Mason after Hampshire county in England, where he had lived as a boy. Despite investing in the land, he never left England.
  • The Granite State has a history of granite mining, which is why it is nicknamed the Granite State.

  • Geographic Features and Landforms

  • The northern boundary of New Hampshire is Canada; the east boundary is Maine and Atlantic Ocean; the south boundary is Massachusetts; and the western boundary is Vermont. Each region has its own characteristics.
  • Mount Washington is a forested mountain in the White Mountains. Located in New England, this is the highest point there. There was also a granite formation that looked like a man's face in the White Mountains. Unfortunately, the stones collapsed in 2003.
  • Central and southern portions of the state are mostly covered by the Eastern New England Upland. The state has the Merrimack Valley, the Hills and Lakes Region, home to Lake Winnipesaukee (the state's largest lake), and the Connecticut River Valley, which forms New Hampshire's western border. Mount Monadnock is also in this region, one of the world's most-climbed mountains.
  • In the southeastern corner of North Carolina, where it touches the Atlantic Ocean, are the Coastal Lowlands. On the coast and farther inland, you'll find sandy beaches.

  • The Natural World

    White-tailed deer, moose, raccoons, and eastern red bats are among the mammals of New Hampshire. Birds like the great horned owl, hairy woodpecker, and nighthawk inhabit the state. Snakes, painted turtles, snapping turtles, and black racer snakes are among the common reptiles. The state is also home to amphibians such as bullfrogs, salamanders, and American toads.

    New Hampshire's trees include eastern white pines, sugar maples, white oaks, blue spruces, and black walnuts. The state wildflower is the pink lady's slipper orchid. Other wildflowers include purple aster, evening primrose, buttercup, and purple aster.

    Natural Resources

    While New Hampshire still has granite quarries, it is better known for mining sand and gravel. Other semiprecious stones mined in the state include garnet and beryl.

    Some Fun Facts About New Hampshire

  • New Hampshire is famous for its maple sundaes and cider donuts.
  • There are many famous people from New Hampshire, including Franklin Pierce, Horace Greeley, and Dan Brown.
  • Portsmouth's Strawbery Banke, where the state's original settlement is located, has 32 historic buildings where costumed actors perform scenes from colonial times.
  • For over half a century, Mount Washington had the record for highest surface wind speed (231 mph, 371 kph), comparable to Category 5 hurricanes and F4 tornadoes.