United States Capitol Facts



The United States Capitol is the house of the Congress of the United States. It is located near the Potomac River and is the oldest and most iconic building in Washington D.C., with a neoclassical design. The United States Capitol is where the United States Congress does its work. It is the headquarters of the legislative branch of government. This is where all those hearings you see on TV takes place. The distance from the US capitol to the White House is about 2 miles.

Here you are going to learn more about the United States Capitol, including how old it is, when it was constructed and more.

16 Facts About The US Capitol Building

1. Construction started on September 18, 1793, and was completed on 1800.

2. 14 years later. the building was burned by the British in 1814 following the war of 1812.

3. The building was designed by William Thornton, approved by both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson.

4. With well over 540 rooms, the Capitol building is massive!

5. The building is now over 200 years old.

US Capitol

6. Like the White House or Buckingham Palace in London, UK, the US Capitol building sustained a lot of damage caused by fire on August 24, 1814, during the war of 1812 against Great Britain.

7. The Capitol building has gone throw several expansions to accommodate the growing number of Senators, Congressmen/women and their staff.

8. The statue that sits proudly at the top of the dome has a name: the Statue of Freedom.

9. George Washington is portrayed as a deity inside the painting within the Dome.

10. George Washington was almost buried under the capital building, in a secluded area called Crypt. But his will specifically stated Mt. Vernon, and so Mt. Vernon it was.

11. The Capitol building used to be the tallest building in Washington D.C. and there was a law in 1899 that specifically said that building could be taller. The law was rescinded in 1910.

12. Some elevators are ONLY RESERVED for Senators, at all times – no one else is allowed to use them.

13. The building has private underground subways to get Senators and staff around the building.

14. Speaking of underground, the Capitol building has a lot of underground tunnels.

15. The House of Representatives Chamber has 448 permanent seats.

16. The National Statuary Hall is a beautiful large hall, and it attracts a lot of tourists.

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